Ocean pH Since 1850 and Projected to 2100

Ocean pH vs Atmospheric CO2 PPM

Ocean pH vs Atmospheric ppm 1958 to 2012

Shells Dissolve in Acidified Ocean Water

What is ocean acidification and why does it matter?

Antarctic ice melt is twice as fast as ten years ago

Sea level rise contributors

Subglacial topography of Antarctica

West Antarctic glaciers are collapsing, and it's "unstoppable"

Why is Arctic sea ice decreasing while Antarctic sea ice is not?

Arctic and Global Temperature Anomoly

Arctic and Global Temperature Anomoly - Cowtan & Way

Arctic Ice Volume in September - 1979-2013

Arctic Sea Ice Death Spiral

Arctic Sea Ice Extent

Arctic Sea Ice Extent Ananoly - Nov 2016

Arctic Sea Ice Minimum and Maximum Extents (compared to the averages)

Arctic sea ice volume - 1980-2012

Arctic Sea Ice Volume in June - 1980-2012

Artcic sea ice extent for the last 1,450 years

Artcic Sea Ice Extent Through Nov 2016

Projected Arctic Sea Ice Decline

Some Large Amplifying Feedbacks

Why is Arctic sea ice decreasing while Antarctic sea ice is not?

Increase in Extreme Precipitation Events 1958-2012

Is the current level of atmospheric CO2 concentration unprecedented in Earth’s history?

Total Heat Content (Oceans, Atmosphere, and Land) - 1960-2008

CO2 Concentration at Mona Loa Observatory Since 1959

CO2 Concentrations Last 800,000 Years

CO2 Concentrations Since 1700

CO2 Levels for Last 10000 Yerars (Mauna Loa)

CO2 Levels for Previous Month (Mauna Loa)

CO2 Levels for Previous Six Months (Mauna Loa)

CO2 Levels for Previous Two Years (Mauna Loa)

CO2 Levels for Since 1700 (Mauna Loa)

CO2 Levels for Since 1958 (Mauna Loa)

Cross-plot of estimates of atmospheric CO2 and coinciding sea level

Current CO2 Levels (Mauna Loa)

GHG Concentration Stabilization Level vs Average Temperature Increase

Global CO2 Emissions - Projected vs Actual (through 2014)

The Global Surface Temperature is Rising

If emissions of greenhouse gases were stopped, would the climate return to the conditions of 200 years ago?

Is the current level of atmospheric CO2 concentration unprecedented in Earth’s history?

Sea Level and CO2 concentratons for last 800,000 years

Sea Level, temperature, and CO2 concentratons for last 400,000 years

Some Large Amplifying Feedbacks

Forests man shift from sinks to sources

Fossil Fuel Reserves

Estimated potential maximum sea-level rise from the total melting of present-day glaciers

Mean cumulative mass balance of all reported glaciers (blue line) and the reference glaciers (red line).

Other ice caps and glaciers in the northern hemisphere are melting faster too

Sea level rise contributors

Small glacier/ice cap contribution

Glacier Volume is Shrinking

Estimated potential maximum sea-level rise from the total melting of present-day glaciers

Greenland Ice Sheet Mass 1992 - 2012

Greenland's Hidden Canyons Might Mean More Sea Level Rise

Mean cumulative mass balance of all reported glaciers (blue line) and the reference glaciers (red line).

Sea level rise contributors

Soot from forest fires contributed to unusually large Greenland surface melt in 2012

The Greenland ice sheet could melt faster than scientists first thought

Total Heat Content (Oceans, Atmosphere, and Land) - 1960-2008

Separating Human and Natural Influences on Climate

Figure 2. Global Atmospheric Concentrations of Methane Over Time

Global anthropogenic emissions (excl. biomass burning)

Global Atmospheric Methane

If emissions of greenhouse gases were stopped, would the climate return to the conditions of 200 years ago?

Map of areas and locations for geological emissions of methane

Methane Budget

Methane Concentration

Methane Concentration and Growth Rate (1980-2012)

Methane emissions from four source categories

Methane global emissions - 2003-2012 decade

Regional CH4 budget in Tg CH4 yr-1 per category

Regional methane emissions - 2003-2012 decade

Some Large Amplifying Feedbacks

Total Heat Content (Oceans, Atmosphere, and Land) - 1960-2008

Global Upper Ocean Heat Content is Rising

CO2 Concentrations Last 800,000 Years

Cross-plot of estimates of atmospheric CO2 and coinciding sea level

Is the current level of atmospheric CO2 concentration unprecedented in Earth’s history?

Post Glacial Sea Level Rise

“The multimillennial sea-level commitment of global warming

Some Large Amplifying Feedbacks

Some Large Amplifying Feedbacks

Radiative forcing and albedo feedback from the Northern Hemisphere cryosphere between 1979 and 2008

Antarctic ice melt is twice as fast as ten years ago

Calculated Eemian (130,000-115,000 years ago) sea-level rise due to Greenland melting.

Contributions to Sea Level Rise (1993-2008 Average)

Cross-plot of estimates of atmospheric CO2 and coinciding sea level

Equilibrium sea level change relative to temperature change

Estimated potential maximum sea-level rise from the total melting of present-day glaciers

Expert range of sea-level rise forecasts for 2100 and 2300

Global Mean Sea Level Time Series 1993-2014 (seasonal signals removed)

Global Sea-level Rise 1960-2013

Greenland's Hidden Canyons Might Mean More Sea Level Rise

How fast is sea level rising?

IPCC RPC8.5 Global Mean Sea Level - 2100

IPCC Sea Level 2100 - All Scenarios

IPCC Sea Level RP6 - 2000 - 2100

Local Sea Level Rise and Tidal Flooding, 1970–2012 (Boston, MA; Atlantic City, NJ; Norfolk, VA; Charleston, SC)

Local Sea Level Rise and Tidal Flooding, 1970–2012 (Boston, MA; Atlantic City, NJ; Norfolk, VA; Charleston, SC)

Map of Miami when sea levels rise 2 meters

Other ice caps and glaciers in the northern hemisphere are melting faster too

Post Glacial Sea Level Rise

RCP 8.5 Sea Level rise expected by experts

Satellite-based estimates of sea level between 1993 and 2011 (NOAA)

Sea Level and CO2 concentratons for last 800,000 years

SEA LEVEL CHANGE 1993-PRESENT (BASED ON SATELLITE DATA)
LATEST MEASUREMENT:
September 2016
LATEST ANNUAL AVERAGE:
81.1 mm (since 1993)
Rate of Change 3.4 ±0.4 millimeters per year

Sea Level Last 3000 years from selected sites

Sea Level Rise 1870 to 2000 (Tide Gauges)

Sea Level Rise 1992 to 2014

Sea level rise contributors

Sea Level Rise Due To Thermal Expansion (for next 500 years)

Sea level rise for 1961-2008 (by source)

Sea Level, temperature, and CO2 concentratons for last 400,000 years

Small glacier/ice cap contribution

Soot from forest fires contributed to unusually large Greenland surface melt in 2012

Subglacial topography of Antarctica

“The multimillennial sea-level commitment of global warming

The effects of a 80 meter sea level rise on North America

The Greenland ice sheet could melt faster than scientists first thought

West Antarctic glaciers are collapsing, and it's "unstoppable"

Northern Hemisphere annual average snow anomaly

Northern Hemisphere Snow Cover is Retreating

Radiative forcing and albedo feedback from the Northern Hemisphere cryosphere between 1979 and 2008

Radiative forcing by emissions and drivers (1750-2011)

Northern Hemisphere Snow Cover is Retreating

Radiative forcing and albedo feedback from the Northern Hemisphere cryosphere between 1979 and 2008

Global Soil Carbon

Solar irradiance 1975-2011

What role has the Sun played in climate change in recent decades?

Annotated Global Average  1850-2017

Arctic and Global Temperature Anomoly

Arctic and Global Temperature Anomoly - Cowtan & Way

Change in average surface temperature (1986-2005 and 2081-2100)

El Niño/La Niña Global Surface Temperature Influence - 1967-2012

Energy absorbed by the Earth 1970-2010 - Most of the heat is going into the oceans

GHG Concentration Stabilization Level vs Average Temperature Increase

Global Mean  Anomaly

Global average surface temperature rise for the four RCPs

Global average temperature estimates for the last 540 My

Global Deep Open Temperatures Last 65 Million years

Global Land-Ocean Temperature Index - 1880-2011

The Global Surface Temperature is Rising

Global Temperature Anomoly

Global temperature with trends for El Niño

Impact of ENSO on NASA analysis

increase of 1.5° C in 2029

IPCC RCP8.5 Projected Global Temperatures for 2081-2100

Is the climate warming?

Projected Temperature Change of Hottest and Coldest Days

Sea Level, temperature, and CO2 concentratons for last 400,000 years

Sea Surface Temperature - 1880-2012

Separating Human and Natural Influences on Climate

Temperature Anomaly Last Ten Thousand Years

“The multimillennial sea-level commitment of global warming

Temperture Anomaly - Global Average and Arctic Average (1960-2016)

U.S. Surface Temperature is also Rising

Arctic Sea Ice Volume in June - 1980-2012

Does the rate of warming vary from one decade to another?

Increase in Extreme Precipitation Events 1958-2012

Observed Change in Very Heavy Precipitation

US Wildfires 1987-2012

Global Warming/Climate Change - Facts and Images

The following Fact Pages display various images related to global warming and climate change
(Hover your mouse over the text below to "popup" a window with a related image or text.
Click on text to open a new window with a detailed description.)

Acidification

Agriculture

Air Pollution

Albedo

Amazon

Antarctic

Arctic

Atmosphere